Ovarian Cysts during Pregnancy

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form on the ovaries. Ovarian cysts usually are not cancerous. In fact, they’re pretty harmless. Most cysts are diagnosed through ultrasound or other imaging tests, which will also let your physician see the size of the cysts. While most cysts do not cause symptoms, if a cyst ruptures you may feel sudden pain and discomfort.

Some types of ovarian cysts (polycystic ovary syndrome and cysts related to endometriosis) may make it more difficult for a woman to get pregnant.

Simple ovarian cysts (functional cysts) can sometimes be seen during pregnancy. Dermoid cysts and other types of cysts can also occur in pregnant women.

Ovarian cysts are common during early pregnancy, even though you’re no longer menstruating. Usually, these cysts are harmless just like most other ovarian cysts.

However, there are a few possible problems if the cysts continue to grow throughout your pregnancy. They might rupture, twist, or even cause problems during childbirth. This is one of the many reasons it’s important to stay under the care of an obstetrician/gynecologist during your pregnancy, and throughout your life.

If you have polycystic ovary syndrome, you might have an increased risk of gestational diabetes, pregnancy-induced high blood pressure, miscarriage, or premature delivery.

Talk with your OB/GYN about your risk and potential treatment options. She’ll provide you with a thorough set of options and recommend the best course of treatment to help you have the healthiest pregnancy possible.

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