Cervical Mucus and Fertility

During your cycle, hormone fluctuations cause your cervix to secrete a discharge called cervical mucus. It changes in appearance, texture and amount throughout the month based on your estrogen levels. Cervical mucus helps in conception process by nourishing and protecting sperm as it makes the long, arduous journey through the female reproductive tract to meet the egg.

How to Check Your Cervical Mucus

  • Wash and dry your hands.
  • Find a comfortable position, either by sitting on the toilet, squatting, or standing up and putting one leg up on the bathtub edge or toilet seat.
  • Reach one finger inside your vagina; your index or middle finger is probably best. (Be careful not to scratch yourself.) Depending on how much cervical mucus you’re producing, you may not need to reach so far, but getting a sample from near your cervix is ideal.
  • Remove your finger from your vagina and observe the consistency of whatever mucus you find. Do this by both looking at the mucus and rolling what you find between two fingers, usually your thumb and index finger. Try pressing your fingers together and then slowly moving them apart (see findings below).
  • If you are charting your BBT, you should mark down on your chart your cervical mucus findings. Abbreviations often used are S for sticky, C for creamy, W for wet, and EW (or EWCM) for egg-white cervical mucus.
RELATED: Types of Vaginal Discharge and What They Mean

What your cervical mucus reveals about your fertility

Watery cervical mucus

This is the wetness you notice after a few dry days after seeing your period. It can be yellow, white or cloudy. This signifies that your body is starting to get ready for ovulation.

Egg white cervical mucus

You may notice an increase in cervical mucus whi h becomes wetter and more slippery. It looks and feels more like raw egg whites and it can stretch about 5cm without breaking in the middle. It’s also a sign that you’re about to ovulate. It is the most fertile cervical mucus as it allows sperm to swim easily into the cervix.

To achieve pregnancy, have sex every two to three days during this fertile time. Sperm can live for up to seven days inside you, waiting for an egg to be released.

Creamy cervical mucus

This cervical mucus is not particularly wet or slippery. It can be a pearly white or creamy yellow. It’s thick and feels like lotion when rubbed between your fingers.. Its creamy nature makes it more difficult for sperm to reach your egg, it is considered non-fertile.

Sticky cervical mucus

This cervical mucus is sticky or tacky towards the beginning or end of your cycle. It is the least fertile cervical mucus, as it’s hard for sperm to swim through it. It’s thick and lumpy, and feels like gluey paste.

When you monitor the changes in fluid for several cycles, you can track the appearance and consistency of cervical fluid. It can help you determine when you are fertile.

Categories: Reproductive health

Tagged as: